Social class classifications are used to describe and compare social groups and their characteristics. They distinguish four broad classes: upper, middle, and lower. These groups are characterized by differing levels of education, wealth, and societal position. Using social class classifications as a tool in social policy helps to break down the cycle of deprivation and improve social cohesion.
What is social class example?
In the UK, there are two socio-economic classifications: Social Class Based on Occupation, or SGO, and Socio-economic Groups. Both are widely used, but the Office for National Statistics (ONS) commissioned the Economic and Social Research Council to review these classifications. The new system is widely used and is available in the official statistics.
In ancient times, social class was clearly defined by law. Dress was regulated according to social class, and the wealthy tended to wear sumptuous clothing and jewelry. The aristocracy often looked down on those who earned their wealth through commercial activity. During the Middle Ages, social class classification became commonplace throughout Europe, but were subject to changes due to changing societal conditions. The aristocracy also shunned people who acquired their wealth by acquiring wealth.
While NS-SEC differentiates positions in labour markets and production units, the NS-SEC also differentiates between individuals who have different employment relationships and work situations. A person’s labour market situation is often directly related to his or her prospects for economic advancement, while his or her position in a household reflects the extent of individual autonomy.